God, the God of Israel
Introduction: The life of Jacob has and will continue to picture things ahead in the Bible and in history itself. It was true of the time before he left Canaan and it will be true as we see new things unfold after his return to Canaan.
The time from his departure from home, the events just before leaving the land of Canaan, and all of his time away from there have painted a beautifully detailed panorama of redemptive history – of Israel as a people, of the flock which is the church, and of Jesus as the fulfillment of their hopes and aspirations.
Every story has been selected by God to show us this wondrous display as it works toward a beautiful end – one of peace. We’ll see more of this in today’s three verses which sum up these things in a short, concise picture of what is coming.
When we finish today, we’ll be able to more readily grasp the mission of Christ and how He so beautifully completed it for those whom He has called and whom He so dearly loves. We’ve talked about the doctrine of dispensationalism. It is a doctrine which many deny, saying that Christ is done with Israel and all prophecy has been fulfilled.
But the Bible doesn’t teach this. A time is coming when Christ will return and will rule from Jerusalem for 1000 years. In fact, Revelation 20 says this explicitly six times. One has to deny a literal reading of the Bible to deny this truth – a truth which stems from anti-Semitism. It dismisses the truth which God has revealed concerning Israel’s future.
Today’s story will confirm what dispensationalism teaches as clearly as anything could. We saw the five dispensations prior to Christ’s coming in previous sermons. In last week’s sermon we saw the sixth dispensation the church age. Today we will see the seventh and final one as the life of Jacob is used, yet again, to show us this truth.
Text Verse: Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years. Revelation 20:6
The nations have sought Him and they still seek Him out today. Someday, some glorious day in the future, there will be a time of unmatched peace and blessing on the face of the earth. Jesus will rule from a city of peace and joy. The world will be much different than it is now as the law proceeds to the nations from His throne. Even the six days of creation and the seventh day of rest are used to display this pattern concerning the seven thousand years of man’s time on earth.
The place where we can go to be reminded of these things is to this beautiful treasure that He has given us called the Holy Bible. So let’s go there now and… May God speak to us through His word today and may His glorious name ever be praised.
I. Once again in the Promised Land
18 Then Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padan Aram;
Just in case you use a different translation of the Bible, I’d like you to see another way this can be translated. Let me read them both –
Then Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan… (NKJV) //// And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan… (KJV)
As you can see, there’s a difference in how the two read and it’s not small. The word Shalem implies that he arrived safely, but it can also be the name of a city that’s being referred to. The word means, “complete”, “safe”, “at peace.” Together, they imply “wholeness.”
In the New Testament, in John chapter 3 we read about a place with a very similar name –
22 After these things Jesus and His disciples came into the land of Judea, and there He remained with them and baptized. 23 Now John also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was much water there. And they came and were baptized. (22, 23)
So it could be that the name of the town is correct. Or, this verse could be referring back to chapter 28 where Jacob made his vow to the Lord and which is being confirmed as fulfilled here –
“Then Jacob made a vow, saying, ‘If God will be with me, and keep me in this way that I am going, and give me bread to eat and clothing to put on, 21 so that I come back to my father’s house in peace, then the Lord shall be my God.(20-21)
Or, what is a third possibility is that this is the fulfillment of chapter 28’s words, and so the land Jacob is going to buy will be named after what happened. In other words, the fact that he arrived in peace becomes the name of the town.
I prefer this option because it’s the one I thought of… and because it shows the fulfillment of what’s been. The naming of the city like this is something that happens many times in the Bible. Names are given in conjunction with the actual occurrence. This then is Jacob’s “City of Peace” based on his arrival home in peace.
This Shalem is called “a city of Shechem.” The name Shechem comes from a verb shakam which means to “rise early” and the a noun shekem which means “shoulder.” The two words indicate the wisdom and diligence of a person.
To rise early is indicative of having a good start to the day – as Benjamin Franklin said, “Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.” Carrying a load on the shoulder also shows wise diligence. In Isaiah chapter 9, we read this about the coming Messiah, pointing to what we’re talking about –
For unto us a Child is born,
Unto us a Son is given;
And the government will be upon His shoulder.
And His name will be called
Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. (6)
So, after giving the name Shechem, this verse says that it is “in the land of Canaan.” Canaan means either “merchant” or “servant.”
This name, Canaan, is tied to the Hebrew verb kana meaning to be humbled or subdued. About this verb, HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament says, “It denoted bringing a proud and recalcitrant people or spirit into subjection.” Two examples will help us see the intent. The first is from Leviticus 26 –
“…and that I also have walked contrary to them and have brought them into the land of their enemies; if their uncircumcised hearts are humbled, and they accept their guilt—42 then I will remember My covenant with Jacob, and My covenant with Isaac and My covenant with Abraham I will remember;” Leviticus 26:41, 42
The second example is the famous passage that everyone takes out of context, but citing it makes us feel helpful in a world which is falling apart around us. It’s found in 2 Chronicles 7 –
“…if My people who are called by My name will humble themselves, and pray and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin and heal their land.” (14)
In both of these verses, the verb kana, the root of Canaan, is used to show that humility is a key condition of God’s blessing. Along with these, the Bible notes repeatedly of a peaceful state of humility which is seen in the return of exiles to the land of Canaan. All of these together show that humility is something favored by God. I’ll give you an example from each testament –
For thus says the High and Lofty One
Who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy:
“I dwell in the high and holy place,
With him who has a contrite and humble spirit,
To revive the spirit of the humble,
And to revive the heart of the contrite ones. Isaiah 57:15
Therefore whoever humbles himself as this little child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 18:4
So far in this one verse, we’ve looked at the names of three places – Shalem, Shechem, and Canaan. But God included a fourth too. It notes that this is where Jacob came to after he came from Padan Aram. It was many sermons ago that we learned Padan Aram means “elevated ransom.”
A ransom is a price paid to redeem something. If something is in a pawn shop, it can be redeemed or ransomed by paying a set price to get it out of hock. The Bible’s idea of a ransom is that we are sold under sin and that we must be brought out of that state in order to be reconciled to God.
There was a high cost to redeem fallen man and Jacob’s travels to Padan Aram showed that to us. Jacob left his home and went to the place of elevated ransom in order to someday be reconciled to his brother Esau. Jesus left the dwelling of the Lord to come here and pay a high price to redeem fallen man, thus reconciling us to God.
This verse also shows a dual picture concerning the nation of Israel. Jacob was in a type of exile from the Promised Land resulting from his wrong actions in deceiving Isaac, but he is the one who held the birthright, the blessing, and the promises. This picture is seen in Israel as they have twice been sent out of the land for evil-doing despite having the promises and the blessings.
18 (con’t) and he pitched his tent before the city.
The last thing noted in verse 18 is that Jacob “pitched his tent” before the city. He probably did this because he had so much livestock and so many people living with him. Cities at that time were walled structures. All of the agricultural work was done in the fields outside the city. Because he is a shepherd, it makes sense that he would stay in the outer areas and not move into the city.
To “pitch one’s tent” means to come and reside. Jacob is picturing Jesus. Therefore, this is a picture of Christ’s coming again to reside in the city of peace, Shalem. Is anyone seeing it yet?
II. A Purchased Possession
19 And he bought the parcel of land, where he had pitched his tent, from the children of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for one hundred pieces of money.
Because the fields surrounding a city are where the city grows its crops, it was right for Jacob to pay for the land he camped on. If he didn’t he might be seen as a freeloader on the people who had built the town in the first place. Although this purchase is made and recorded, it doesn’t imply that he wanted to settle down.
Instead, he’s simply dealing honestly with the people around him, maintaining peace and harmony with them, and keeping them from making any claim on his flocks and wealth by them later by saying they were derived from them.
This piece of land is where Joseph, Jacob’s 11th son and future vice-reagent of Egypt will be buried when he dies many years later. That’s recorded in Joshua 24:32 –
The bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel had brought up out of Egypt, they buried at Shechem, in the plot of ground which Jacob had bought from the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for one hundred pieces of silver, and which had become an inheritance of the children of Joseph. Joshua 24:32
This is also the spot where Jesus will sit by a well in Samaria after a day of traveling and speak to a woman about the living waters which will flow from Him –
5 So He came to a city of Samaria which is called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. 6 Now Jacob’s well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied from His journey, sat thus by the well. It was about the sixth hour. 7 A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give Me a drink.” 8 For His disciples had gone away into the city to buy food. 9 Then the woman of Samaria said to Him, “How is it that You, being a Jew, ask a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?” For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans. 10 Jesus answered and said to her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, ‘Give Me a drink,’ you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.” 11 The woman said to Him, “Sir, You have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep. Where then do You get that living water? 12 Are You greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank from it himself, as well as his sons and his livestock?” 13 Jesus answered and said to her, “Whoever drinks of this water will thirst again, 14 but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life.” John 4:5-14
This is an important spot in the pages of the Bible and a great deal of our spiritual heritage is derived right from these three verses. It is this spot which Jacob bought from the children of Hamor, Shechem’s father. Hamor means “he-ass.” A male donkey which is a beast of burden. It gets its name from its reddish color.
It’s the same word used to describe the animal the Messiah rode into Jerusalem during His triumphal entry, found in Zechariah 9 –
“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem!
Behold, your King is coming to you;
He is just and having salvation,
Lowly and riding on a donkey,
A colt, the foal of a donkey. (9)
So Jacob purchases the field from the children of Hamor for one hundred pieces of money. The word for “money” here is the Hebrew word qesitah. It indicates, interestingly, a lamb. This is based on the Greek translation of the Old Testament which translates the word as amnos – a lamb which is used in sacrifices.
Some people think one qesitah was the value of one lamb and that’s why they are called lambs. Rather, a qesitah was a coin stamped with a lamb, a very popular motif. The name is given to the coin not because of its value, but because of its marking. We do this with our own money even today.
III. El Elohe Israel
20 Then he erected an altar there and called it El Elohe Israel.
All the time that Jacob was out of the Land of Canaan, there is no record of him having built an altar. But his time of exile is over and he has been returned to the land of his fathers just as God promised him. There on the land, he built an altar.
Before he left Canaan 20 years earlier, he made a vow to God that he would do something if God would protect him and return him home safely. In chapter 28 when he erected a pillar to God, he said, “And this stone which I have set as a pillar shall be God’s house, and of all that You give me I will surely give a tenth to You.” (22)
The purchase of the land and the building of the altar are tied together by these verses and so the purchase of the land may be a partial fulfillment of the vow. This is an interim step on his way to Bethel. This makes the naming of the place Shalem correct.
He was provided peace and in fulfillment of that, he named the place in honor of the peace that was given. “All is safe, and there is peace – Shalem.” In honor of this, he names the altar El Elohe Israel – God, the God of Israel. Thus as a fulfillment of the vow, the land on which the altar is built is set apart to God.
The name El Elohe Israel signifies the all-powerful God who fulfilled his word to Jacob and brought him back to the land of promise safely after 20 years of perils. It also acknowledges the new name he was given, Israel.
This new name was given to him during his encounter with the Angel of Lord in the wrestling match by the Jabbok River. In acknowledgment of the name and in honor of this mighty God, he gives the altar its name, El Elohe Israel.
Curiously, this is just the same spot that Abraham came to first after he entered the Promised Land. We saw that way back in Genesis 12 –
6 Abram passed through the land to the place of Shechem, as far as the terebinth tree of Moreh. And the Canaanites were then in the land. 7 Then the Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your descendants I will give this land.” And there he built an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him.
Just like his grandfather more than 250 years earlier, Jacob enters the land and builds an altar. The land is again consecrated to the God of promise and the God who fulfills His promises.
IV. The Millennial Reign of Christ
So here we are with three verses which stand alone after Jacob’s encounter with his brother Esau and before a tragic event which is coming in the next chapter. It can’t be said that these verses fit with the account of Esau. And they certainly don’t fit in with the coming story about his daughter Dinah.
They are set off by themselves and they therefore ask us to reflect on why they were included by God in His word. In order to understand them we have to go back and look at everything that’s happened since he left Canaan.
We’ve traveled though sixteen sermons which encompass 20 years of Jacob’s life. He left the land and arrived in Padan Aram where he met Rachel at a well. That account showed us what would occur in the life of Jesus in order to procure people from the world from all groups – Jew, Jew/Gentile mix, and Gentile.
It pictured His work culminating in the resurrection, symbolized by the removing of the stone from the mouth of the well. The next account showed us the work Jacob did for his wives. Seven years of work for Leah and then seven for Rachel. They pictured going from the Old Testament Law to New Testament Grace.
After that we saw the birth of the first four sons to Leah, including the fourth – Judah – through whom would come Christ. After this came the addition of two more wives for Jacob. These two wives pictured, as clearly as could be, the two exiles of the people of Israel. The Babylonian and Roman exiles.
The next account was the birth of two more sons and a daughter to Leah and a son named Joseph to Rachel. Each child reflected the work of Christ culminating in the naming of Joseph. The dual significance of his name showed us the work of Christ. The word asaph indicated taking away and the word yosef indicated to add.
Jesus took away the reproach of the law and added us to His fold through His grace, symbolized by Rachel. From there came the account of building his flocks. The flocks symbolize the people of the church age during the time of Israel’s second dispersion. Then after that we saw the account of how this was done.
Jacob used peeled rods, placing them in a watering trough to grow his flock of specially marked animals. The rods pictured the writings of Paul – the apostle to the gentiles. Through understanding and accepting the work of Christ described by him, we are sealed with the Holy Spirit and set apart as members of Christ’s flock.
No sooner was the flock – which pictures the church – built, then Jacob was told by God to return to the land of Canaan. This portion was given to show us the world’s treatment of Israel during their exile which occurred during the church age.
Right after this came Jacob’s flight. It was at this time that Rachel took her father’s idols. This account pictured the preparation of Israel for return to their own land once again. During this story, the stealing of the idols set up the next account where the father, Laban, would finally catch up to them and search their camp.
In that account, Laban came to search for the idols in the tents of the family members. The order of the search confirmed the two exiles of Israel. It also showed that they will someday be found guiltless. They will turn to the Lord completely and no longer be a people disposed to idolatry. As a reminder, all of this is clearly laid out in the rest of the Bible.
These pictures are given in a specific order to show us what will happen and in a manner which will be understood when they occur. Anyway, once the search was over, the next account showed us a picture of the Bible itself. What its structure would be like, how it came about, and that it centers on Christ.
This happened on Mount Gilead, the Perpetual Fountain, showing us that the Bible comes from the throne of God – His fountain. After this was another picture of Israel – the two camps. It pictured the division of Israel and its eventual reuniting as a single group.
The next four verses were Jacob’s great prayer which came about before he met up with his brother Esau. Then came the preparation for the encounter – five gifts sent in advance of the meeting which represented the five dispensations leading up to Christ’s coming.
After that was the story of Jacob wrestling in the night with the Man. It showed the faithfulness of God and His necessity to preserve Israel based on His own moral character. For Israel to be defeated would mean a defeat for Him. His reliability to perform His word is tied up in Israel as a people and His Son as our Lord.
In the next account, Jacob finally met up with Esau. In this meeting we saw the reconciliation between the Lord and fallen man. God is dwelling with man by dwelling in man. The indwelling of the Holy Spirit was is reflected in the place Jacob moved to and stayed at – Succoth, or tabernacles. God is tabernacling or dwelling with man. This was the sixth dispensation.
After all of this, which is far too brief of a recap, we come to today’s three verses and what we are to learn about the glory of the story. It is given to sum up the life of Jacob during these past 20 years and for us to reflect on all that has occurred. In one sense, it pictures God’s faithfulness to return Israel to their land after their period of exile. This is true.
They were twice exiled and twice returned to land sworn to their fathers. While out of the land, there have been no sacrifices and no altars. But that changed after the first exile when they built a second temple. It is getting ready to happen again after this second exile. The temple implements are ready for use and a temple will be built – coming soon to a tribulation period near you.
However, despite this minor picture, we have a larger one. Jacob is picturing Christ fulfilling His dispensational timeline. He left the true Promised Land and came to earth to perform His work. During that time, He fulfilled the law and redeemed people from every nation, tribe, and tongue for Himself.
He built a flock and has given us His word to live by. He accomplished everything He set out to do, thus reconciling fallen man to God. His deeds have replaced what Adam did and have brought us new life. The enmity between Esau and Jacob ended and the enmity between Adam and Jesus has ended.
In the three verses today, we see the millennial reign of Christ. The seventh and final dispensation of man’s time on earth. Jacob came to Shalem a city of Shechem. Shalem as I said means “complete,” “safe,” or “at peace” – in essence “wholeness.” It is the same word used to describe Jerusalem twice in the Bible –
Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was the priest of God Most High. Genesis 14:18
In Judah God is known;
His name is great in Israel.
2 In Salem also is His tabernacle,
And His dwelling place in Zion.
3 There He broke the arrows of the bow,
The shield and sword of battle. Selah Psalm 76:1-3
If you read this psalm, it is surely speaking of the dwelling of Christ in Jerusalem after the tribulation period. It ties so perfectly with what is being shown in this picture from Jacob’s life that the psalm and the account are in essence inseparable. It says, in Salem also is His tabernacle, His sukkow. It is the millennial reign with Christ dwelling in Jerusalem in garment of flesh!
After all of what Jacob has pictured in the work of Christ since he left Canaan, there is a time when the work is done and it is time to rule over His family and flocks in the land of Canaan.
Shalem is said to be a city of Shechem. This city’s meaning indicated wisdom and diligence. It is the city where those who are wise and diligent will dwell. It is those who have been redeemed by Christ. They have understood His gospel message and been diligent to receive it. And Shechem is noted as being in Canaan.
We saw that the name Canaan reflects humble ones; those who humbled themselves and have sought the Lord’s face and turned from their wicked ways. They are those whom God has heard from heaven and forgiven their sins; He has healed the land. No longer boastful or proud, they are those who have come under His care.
This return to Canaan was noted as after his time in Padan Aram – the place of elevated ransom. Jesus left heaven for the world of fallen people in order to pay a truly high ransom. In Isaiah 51, we read about those who are ransomed to return to Zion for this time of the millennial reign –
So the ransomed of the Lord shall return,
And come to Zion with singing,
With everlasting joy on their heads.
They shall obtain joy and gladness;
Sorrow and sighing shall flee away. Isaiah 51:11
It was His life for our sins. He paid that debt, left, and is now returned to the land after His time away – all pictured by Jacob returning to Canaan and dwelling in Shalem – Jerusalem. There in Canaan, he purchased the piece of land. This is a place where his family and his flocks could stay.
These pictured Israel and the church in those past stories and they are with Him now. Jesus has reserved a spot for those He has redeemed. This land was purchased from the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem. Hamor is introduced here, but the land wasn’t bought from him… The Bible says it was bought from his sons.
His name, meaning Donkey, indicates a beast of burden. One that carries a load. The reason he’s introduced this way is to show that he is representing the world at large. He is a picture of those whose burden is heavy and whose life is toil.
The reddish color of the donkey takes us back to Adam. Toiling in soil, eyes downward, working in thorns and thistles. A purchase is made from this group of the sons of the world. And the purchase is for 100 qesitahs or “lambs.”
One Bible scholar named Parkhurst rightly sees these coins as typifying the Lamb of God, who “in the Divine purpose” as he says, “was considered as slain from the foundation of the world, and who purchased us unto God with his own blood.”
Parkhurst’s thoughts come from two New Testament verses. The first is Revelation 13:8 which speaks of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. The second is found in Acts 20:28 –
Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood.
This is what is being pictured here. The finished work of Christ; work that was actually finished before the foundation of the world in God’s mind, but which was prefigured and pictured by the selected life events of a man named Jacob who left the Promised Land, went to a place of an elevated ransom, and now is returned the City of Peace – Shalem – with his people.
After the payment for the land, both in gratitude to God for the completion of his journey and as an interim fulfillment of his vow, Jacob erected an altar to the mighty God who had watched over him, tended to him, and brought him safely home again.
This altar pictures the temple and worship which will be in Jerusalem during the millennial reign. It is referred to many times in the Old Testament and in the book of Revelation as well.
By proclaiming the name El Elohe Israel, he’s acknowledging his understanding that the Man he struggled with is that God. He is the one who gave him the new name. He is the Man by the river, He is Lord of the Covenant, and the keeper of promises.
He is the One who stood above the ladder in his dream, the One who is the Ladder, and He is the Rock on which he placed his head. He is the giver of the Spirit, the payer of the ransom, the defender of His people, the One to fulfill the law, and the One to bestow God’s grace – He is Jesus.
He is the true Israel, who bestowed upon Jacob that sacred name as an indication that he struggled with God and prevailed. He is Jesus. Everything we’ve seen in these past many sermons has led to this point today. It has all been laid before us to show us the work of God in Christ as pictured by selected events in the life of Jacob.
Jacob is in Shalem in the land of Canaan with his children and flock. In the Millennial Reign, Christ will be in Jerusalem ruling over His as well. As a testament to this time of peace which is ahead, we read these words from Isaiah 11 which are speaking of the this 1000 year reign –
They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,
For the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord
As the waters cover the sea.
10 “And in that day there shall be a Root of Jesse,
Who shall stand as a banner to the people;
For the Gentiles shall seek Him,
And His resting place shall be glorious.”
This is why the name El Elohe Israel is given. It is telling us in this story from almost 4000 years ago, that God, the God of Israel is the Man who will dwell in Jerusalem, the City of Peace in the seventh dispensation of man’s time on earth.
Whether you know it or not, you are one of the people pictured in this story. You’re a son of Adam, pictured by Hamor, whose life is one which is marked by separation from God, or you are one of the redeemed of God in Christ who has the absolute assurance of eternal life in the heavenly Promised Land.
If you have never made a commitment to this wonderful Lord, please give me just another moment to tell you how it can happen…
Closing Verse: 20 In that day “HOLINESS TO THE LORD” shall be engraved on the bells of the horses. The pots in the Lord’s house shall be like the bowls before the altar. 21 Yes, every pot in Jerusalem and Judah shall be holiness to the Lord of hosts. Everyone who sacrifices shall come and take them and cook in them. In that day there shall no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the Lord of hosts. Zechariah 14:20-21
Two Weeks From Now: Genesis 34:1-12 (For Best Results, Stick to the Blueprint) (84th Genesis Sermon) Make sure to read and study those verses.
The Lord has you exactly where He wants you and He has a good plan and purpose for you. Call on Him and let Him do marvelous things for you and through you.
God, the God of Israel
Then Jacob came safely
To the city of Shechem
Which is in the land of Canaan, you see
When he came from Padan Aram
And he pitched his tent before the city
His flocks in the fields must have looked so pretty
And he bought the parcel of land without a bother
Where he had pitched his tent
From the children of Hamor, Shechem’s father
For one hundred pieces of money, he spent
Then he erected an altar there on the land
And called it El Elohe Israel, let us understand
He is the mighty God, the God of Israel
The One who tends to and watches over us
He is the one of whom all these stories do tell
He is our Lord, our Savior, our God – Jesus
Let us always and forever praise and exalt His holy name
And proclaim His deeds among the world’s people
Into the stream of humanity this marvelous One came
Let His praises be proclaimed from every church steeple
Thank You Lord for Your care and tending to us
And receive our praises Lord – our praises for Jesus
Hallelujah and Amen…